Your baby has atopic dermatitis… So, what should you do? Read our article and find out how to improve the quality of your children’s life!
Written by Marialma Team
Unfortunately, atopic dermatitis is a very common pruritic, inflammatory skin disorder in babies and children. It occurs in 10-20% of children all around the world, usually between the third and sixth month of life. However, at least half of these cases disappear by the age of 18 months. This is a chronic but non-contagious skin disease that can also affect adults. Also known as eczema, atopic dermatitis is characterized by a hypersensitivity reaction of the skin that causes inflammation, itching, and peeling. If your baby has any of these symptoms, then this article is for you!
Continue reading to know how to care for your baby’s atopic dermatitis and how changing its bed sheets can actually make a difference!
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Atopic Dermatitis Causes
The exact cause of atopic dermatitis is unknown. However, the origin of the pathology is genetic, which means that the baby is born with a failure in the immune system, which was passed along by its parents through heredity.
So, the hereditary component is important. If the baby has a parent with an atopic condition, it is, approximately, 25% more likely that the baby has some form of atopic disease. If both parents have an atopic disease, it increases to 50%.
What are the Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis?
Typical symptoms of atopic dermatitis include dry and irritated skin and occasional seizures can cause intense itching, inflammation, and pain.
The first signs of atopic dermatitis usually appear on the face (especially on the cheeks), on the hands, the elbow crease, the back of the knees, and the scalp. It is also aggravated by scratches that break the skin barrier and expose bacteria, causing the skin to become inflamed. For a child, itching can sometimes become so intense that it prevents them from sleeping. In addition to being distressing to the child, parents may feel powerless to help, which in turn causes psychological stress.
But parents don’t worry! Keep scrolling and find out how to reduce these symptoms and help your babies.
How to Treat Atopic Dermatitis
The diagnosis is clinical, and no blood analysis is required. It is usually pediatricians and GPs who first see patients, diagnose, and prescribe appropriate treatment. However, in more complicated cases, the child should be followed by a dermatologist.
All in all, the atopic dermatitis treatment depends on its severity. If there is active dermatitis, your doctor should prescribe local action medicines such as cortisone creams, even if other forms of treatment are available. Cortisone creams are the cornerstone of treating eczema eruptions!
It can also be helpful to apply Vaseline jelly to the skin to help to keep it soft and lubricated.
The second strategy is the fundamental and imperative habit of moisturizing the skin with relatively greasy, unscented moisturizers to try to compensate for the lack of fatty substances in the skin and to help restore the deficient skin barrier.
Regular and consistent care is key to help alleviate symptoms and prolong inactive phases. Here are some tips:
- Do not use soap for daily hygiene and use only water. In the dirtiest areas use mild cleansers and tepid water to prevent itching. However, you can use soaps with pH 7 in small quantities;
- After bathing, while the skin is still damp, apply a specific emollient cream that moisturizes the baby’s skin. Its daily use is an effective treatment in extending inactive phases;
- Baths are indicated to relax the baby. Please note, that the water should be warm (below 33 ° C), and the bath should take more than 10 minutes;
- Then, you should dry the skin gently without rubbing, maintaining a certain degree of moisture, applying immediately a moisturizer in generous amounts. In some cases, the cream should be used four to five times a day;
- Nails should always be very short and clean to prevent scratching injuries;
- You should avoid over dressing the baby, especially at night;
- Avoid the use of carpets or soft toys because they facilitate mite, dust, or pollen allergies;
- Do not dress it in tight, rough or irritating clothing like wool, synthetic fabrics, and fur. The most suitable clothing is cotton, especially for underwear. Materials such as wool and nylon can also be abrasive and cause sweating;
- Avoid dry environments;
- Talk to a doctor to check which foods you should remove from your child’s diet. Usually, food allergies include nuts, seafood, and dairy products;
- Avoid passive cigarette smoking;
- During washing, laundry should be thoroughly rinsed and you should avoid the use of fabric softeners or bleaches;
- Avoid domestic pets.
How can Marialma help you?
Could changing bedding help your baby with eczema sleep better? Yes! Well, certain fabrics can be abrasive for sensitive skin. That’s why you should be looking for soft and breathable fabrics that are skin-friendly. Luckily, one of our biggest concerns, from the very beginning, was to create bed sheets that could restore the skin during our sleep. So, we have a range of performance fabrics that can complement your atopic dermatitis treatment like MARIALMA® Sensitive Zinc, MARIALMA® Cosmetic Algae, and MARIALMA® Natural Hemp.
However, we specially suggest our zinc bed sheets since zinc is a component of skin-building enzymes, and it operates directly on the skin thanks to this sensitive fabric. It is recommended for people with sensitive skin, babies, and sufferers of conditions such as eczema or atopic dermatitis because this special fiber gives fabrics odor-reducing and antibacterial properties.