Right now, we are overwhelmed with information and worldwide news about COVID-19, and it is essential to understand the difference between the specific symptoms of this disease versus an allergic reaction.
Coughing has become synonymous of COVID-19. However, it is important to remember that a new season has arrived and with it numerous symptoms of allergies. It is fundamental that we keep our peace and balance, without making premature diagnoses. We must be able to understand the difference between this new virus and those we have known for longer, such as the flu that typically occurs as the season changes. It may not be easy to make certain distinctions, but if we are mindful of some aspects, we are able to distinguish the symptoms of COVID-19 and spring allergies.
COVID-19 AND SPRING ALLERGIES: HOW TO TELL THE DIFFERENCE
It is important that we understand the origin of these health problems. The flu, the cold and COVID-19 are caused by viruses. The so-called “allergies” are an overreaction of our immune system to foreign particles.
In the case of “spring allergies”, these are usually respiratory allergies caused by mites or pollens released in large quantities this season. As a rule, the new coronavirus does not cause nasal congestion, as it happens with allergies. On the other hand, allergies do not usually cause body aches or fever either, as happens with COVID-19.
SEE ALSO: Why are allergies increasing?
The specific symptoms of each pathology
- itchy eyes; stuffy nose; sneezing.
- fever; fatigue; body aches; cough.
- fever; fatigue; body aches; dry cough; shortness of breath.
- nasal runny nose, nasal obstruction and/or itching;
- coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness;
- red eyes, tearing and itching eyes;
- very dry, flaky, itchy skin, with reddish and exudative lesions in the aggravation phases;
- respiratory or skin complaints associated with the ingestion of some food or medication.
DRY COUGH: THE COMMON SYMPTOM TO ALL OF THEM
Dry cough seems to be the common symptom between COVID-19 and spring allergies. However, according to experts, there is a way to distinguish one case from another. Even if you are isolated at home and do not have a garden, pollen is able to enter the house even through an unopened window. Thus, allergic reactions are perfectly possible.
Without panicking, it is important to analyze the symptoms that occur over time. According to several medical specialists, a dry cough alone is not enough to diagnose an infection caused by the new coronavirus.
However, it is true that there are cases where this is the only symptom that patients with COVID-19 present. According to the data in the Epidemiological Bulletins, the cough has presented itself as the most prevalent symptom in cases of COVID-19, followed by fever and muscular aches and headaches.
Therefore, an easier way to distinguish cough caused by the new coronavirus from the allergic one is to consider the clinical history of the person. Allergy sufferers have probably had them in the past and therefore know how to assess whether the symptoms they feel are compatible with what they experience every year around these months.
If the cough is motivated by an allergic reaction, then treatment should be done as usual, i.e. using antihistamines. However, if other symptoms such as fever or body aches are associated with a cough, then it is best to tell your doctor as soon as possible.
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